Cerebrovascular autoregulation in critically ill patients during continuous hemodialysis

Authors: Schramm P, Closhen D, Wojciechowski J, Berres M, Klein KU, Bodenstein M, Werner C, Engelhard K.

PURPOSE: In chronic renal failure, intermittent hemodialysis decreases cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV); however, in critically ill patients with acute renal failure, the effect of continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD) on CBFV and cerebrovascular autoregulation (AR) is unknown. Therefore, a study was undertaken to investigate the potential effect of CVVHD on CBFV and AR in patients with acute renal failure.
METHODS: This cohort study investigated 20 patients with acute renal failure who required CVVHD. In these patients, the CBFV and index of AR (Mx) were measured using transcranial Doppler before and during CVVHD.
RESULTS: The median Mx values at baseline were 0.33 [interquartile range (IQR): 0.02-0.55], and during CVVHD, they were 0.20 [0.07-0.40]. The differences in Mx (CVVHD - baseline) was (median [IQR]) -0.015 [-0.19-0.05], 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.16 to 0.05. The Mx was > 0.3 in 11/20 patients at baseline measurement. Six of these patients recovered to Mx < 0.3 during CVVHD. The CBFV was (median [IQR]) 47 [36-59] cm·sec-1 at baseline and 49 [36-66] cm·sec-1 during CVVHD. The difference of CBFV was 0.0 [-4 - 2.7], 95% CI -2.5 to 4.2.
CONCLUSION: Compared with patients with intermittent hemodialysis, CVVHD did not influence CBFV and AR in critically ill patients with acute renal failure, possibly due to lower extracorporeal blood flow, slower change of plasma osmolarity, and a lower fluid extraction rate. In a subgroup of patients with sepsis, the AR was impaired at baseline in more than half of the patients, and this was reversed during CVVHD. The trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT01376531.

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Can J Anaesth. 2013 Mar 28.